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- The Victorian Era
- Victorian Schooling
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Although the Victorian School specialises in teaching about the Victorian period, we also offer history days that cover other periods. As with our Victorian visits we come to your school to provide an informative and interesting Anglo-Saxon History Day.
The Anglo-Saxons lived in Britain in the 5th century following the collapse of the Roman Empire. They were formed from Germanic tribes that had come from the continent who then settled around AD450 integrating into existing British people. At the time England had not come into existence, but so the Anglo-Saxons created seven major kingdoms. East Anglia is perhaps the most obvious, with the others being Essex, Sussex, Kent, Northumbria, Wessex (an area in the south west of England that would now include Hampshire, Doreset, Wiltshire and Somerset) and Mercia (the people of the marshes, which would now include Staffordshire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and parts of the West Midlands, but subsequently expanded to cover many more counties).
Each of these regions had its own king who was responsible for defending his own territory, and who taxed the people demanding money and treasures.
Under the Roman Occupation Britain had been a Christian country, but the Anglo-Saxons were heathen. St Augustine was sent out from Rome in AD597 by Pope Gregory with a mission to convert the Anglo-Saxons. Establishing himself in Kent, he, with the later help of others, set about the task, and all seven kingdoms did eventually convert and the Christian faith was firmly established.
The Anglo-Saxons were skilled at farming, hunting, textile production and leather working. For entertainment they enjoyed sport such as horse racing; music; and feasting. They played board games such as draughts and chess. Children played with balls, hoops and tops. They even played with wooden toys such as boats and toy horses.
Many modern towns derive their names from those given to them by the Anglo-Saxons.
During the Anglo-Saxon period the Vikings invaded. They were a fierce people and the Anglo-Saxons were unable to hold them back. They settled around York (Jorvik as it was known to them).
The Anglo-Saxon era was brought to an end by the Norman Conquest of 1066 and many of the Anglo-Saxon nobility fled, while others joined the ranks of peasantry.
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